LIVE OAK Encino,
Quercus virginiana - Fagaceae, Beech Family
DESCRIPTION: Large, stout-trunked tree with spreading canopy and massive, low
Height: 30-60 feet.
Flowers: 2 to 3-inch-long yellow
Fruit: Edible acorns.
Foliage: Evergreen, thick
Bark: Dark-brown, deeply
Growth rate: Medium to fast.
Soil: Usually sandy soil; can be
in heavy clay.
Drainage: Medium; tolerates some
Propagation: Fresh acorns.
Native to sand plains in northern
Lower Rio Grande Valley.
Acorns offer food for deer,
javalina, turkey; livestock browse leaves; cover; nest sites; ocelots known to
use live oak groves.
Wood is heavy and hard. Very sturdy
long-lived shade tree where deep shade is desired.