Frog-Fruit

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FROG-FRUIT

Phyla incisa Sawtooth frog-fruit ,Phyla nodiflora Common frog-fruit, Turkey tangle - Verbenaceae, Vervain or Verbena Family


DESCRIPTION: Low growing, mat-forming, sprawling, or trailing ground cover 

Height: From 2 to 8 inches (sun); 
P. incisa taller than P. nodiflora.

Flowers: Very small, white, borne in 1/4 to 3/8 inch wide heads. Spring to fall 

Fruit: Small, inconspicuous dry nut


Foliage: Evergreen, light green, 1 inch long, 1/2 inch wide, toothed leaf edges. P. nodiflora leaves are broader with teeth widely spaced over most of the leaf edge.

Growth rate: Fast 

REQUIREMENTS:

Sun: Full sun, dappled shade

Soil: Any, will tolerate heavy clay soils

Drainage: Good to poorly drained soil

Water: Medium to high

Maintenance: Little needed

Propagation: Seeds, root divisions

NATIVE HABITAT: Along roads, openings and waste places in the Rio Grande Plains and the Coastal Prairies 

WILDLIFE USE: White-tailed deer, javelinas, feral pigs and cattle eat the leaves. Food for White Peacock and Phaon Crescent butterfly caterpillars, and nectar for small butterflies. 

COMMENTS: The first emergent nectar for most species of butterflies in the Lower Rio Grande Valley after the 1983 and 1989 freezes.


FROG-FRUIT

 

FROG-FRUIT

 

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Content by the Native Plant Project - P.O. Box 2742 - San Juan, TX  78589
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Revised: May 15, 2012
 This site designed and maintained by Bert Wessling ( bwessling AT gmail DOT com ) Comments Welcomed.