Brush - Holly

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Trecul's Tucca
Mexican Trixis
Nopal Prickly Pear
Mexican Caesalpinia
Desert Yaupon
Low Croton
Torrey's Croton
Texas Baby-Bonnets
Texas Kidneywood
Coral Bean
Yellow Sophora
Brush - Holly
Shrubby Blue Sage
Heart-Leafed Hibiscus
Drummond's Turk's Cap
Black Brush
Sierra Madre Torchwood
White Brush
Tamaulipan Fiddlewood
Texas Lantana
Desert Lantana
Brush - Holly, Coronillo 
Xylosma flexuosa, Flacourtiaceae, Flacourtia Family 

Description: Evergreen, thorny shrub with olive-green leaves and persistent red berries 
Height: To 20 ft, usually 5 to 10 ft. 
Flowers: Small, unisexual on same or separate plants, in axillary clusters; at intervals throughout the year. 
Fruit: Clusters of persistent, round, red 2 to 8 seeded berries 
Foliage: Evergreen, simple, alternate or clustered, variably sized, oval, olive-green or darker and paler beneath 
Spines: Single, slender, straight spines of variable length Bark: Smooth when immature, breaking into scales later, gray to brown. 
Growth Rate: Slow to medium 

Sun: Shade to full sun Soil: Various 
Drainage: Well 
Water: Low, drought tolerant 
Maintenance: Little 
Propagation: Seed, softwood cutting 

Native Habitat: Palm groves, resaca banks, brushy thickets, clay lomas 

Wildlife Use
Fruit - birds Comments: Attractive specimen shrub with contrasting olive-green and persistent red to purple berries 



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Content by the Native Plant Project - P.O. Box 2742 - San Juan, TX  78589
All Rights Reserved
Revised: May 15, 2012
 This site designed and maintained by Bert Wessling ( bwessling AT gmail DOT com ) Comments Welcomed.